Illness Notifications & Exclusion Table.

Coronavirus Disease (COVID-19) Information Update

Please see the latest update of information for early childhood centres from the Department of Health in relation to COVID-19. Please visit the Department of Health website for further information: https://www.health.gov.au/

Infectious Diseases Control — Exclusion Table

The following table indicates the minimum period of exclusion from children’s service centres as prescribed under Public Health and Wellbeing Regulations 2019 — Schedule 7.

ConditionsExclusion of casesExclusion of contacts

Chicken pox

Exclude until all blisters have dried. This is usually at least 5 days after the rash appears in unimmunised children, but may be less in previously immunised children.

Any child with an immune deficiency (for example, leukaemia) or receiving chemotherapy should be excluded for their own protection. Otherwise not excluded

Conjunctivitis

Exclude until discharge from eyes has ceased

Not excluded

Cytomegalovirus (CMV) Infection

Exclusion is not necessary

Not excluded

Diarrhoeal Illness*

Exclude until there has not been vomiting or a loose bowel motion for 24 hours

Not excluded

Diphtheria

Exclude until medical certificate of recovery is received following at least two negative throat swabs, the first not less than 24 hours after finishing a course of antibiotics and the other 48 hours later

Exclude family/household contacts until cleared to return by the Chief Health Officer

Glandular fever (Epstein-Barr Virus infection)

Exclusion is not necessary

Not excluded

Hand, Foot and Mouth disease

Exclude until all blisters have dried

Not excluded

Haemophilus influenzae type b (Hib)

Exclude until 48 hours after initiation of effective therapy

Not excluded

Hepatitis A

Exclude until a medical certificate of recovery is received, but not before 7 days after the onset of jaundice or illness

Not excluded

Hepatitis B/

Hepatitis C

Exclusion is not necessary

Not excluded

Herpes ('cold sores')

Young children unable to comply with good hygiene practices should be excluded while the lesion is weeping. Lesions to be covered by dressing, where possible

Not excluded

Human immuno-deficiency virus infection (HIV)

Exclusion is not necessary

Not excluded

Impetigo

Exclude until appropriate treatment has commenced. Sores on exposed surfaces must be covered with a watertight dressing

Not excluded

Influenza and influenza like illnesses

Exclude until well

Not excluded unless considered necessary by the Chief Health Officer

Leprosy

Exclude until approval to return has been given by the Chief Health Officer

Not excluded

Measles

Exclude for at least 4 days after onset of rash

Immunised contacts not excluded. Unimmunised contacts should be excluded until 14 days after the first day of appearance of rash in the last case. If unimmunised contacts are vaccinated within 72 hours of exposure with any infectious case, or received Normal Human Immunoglobulin (NHIG) within 144 hours of exposure of any infectious case, they may return to the facility

Meningitis (bacteria, other than meningococcal meningitis)

Exclude until well

Not excluded

Meningococcal infection

Exclude until adequate carrier eradication therapy has been completed

Not excluded if receiving carrier eradication therapy

Mumps

Exclude for 5 days or until swelling goes down (whichever is sooner)

Not excluded

Molluscum contagiosum

Exclusion is not necessary

Not excluded

Pertussis
(whooping cough)

Exclude for 21 days after the onset of cough or until they have completed 5 days of a course of antibiotic treatment

Contacts aged less than 7 years in the same room as the case who have not received three effective doses of pertussis vaccine should be excluded for 14 days after the last exposure to the infectious case, or until they have taken 5 days of a course of effective antibiotic treatment

Poliovirus infection

Exclude for at least 14 days from onset. Re-admit after receiving medical certificate of recovery

Not excluded

Ringworm, scabies, pediculosis (head lice)

Exclude until the day after appropriate treatment has commenced

Not excluded

Rubella
(German measles)

Exclude until fully recovered or for at least 4 days after the onset of rash

Not excluded

Severe Acute Respiratory Syndrome (SARS)

Exclude until medical certificate of recovery is produced

Not excluded unless considered necessary by the Chief Health Officer

Shiga toxin or Verotoxin producing Escherichia coli (STEC or VTEC)

Exclude if required by the Chief Health Officer and only for the period specified by the Chief Health Officer

Not excluded

Streptococcal infection (including scarlet fever)

Exclude until the child has received antibiotic treatment for at least 24 hours and the child feels well

Not excluded

Tuberculosis (excluding latent tuberculosis)

Exclude until receipt of a medical certificate from the treating physician stating that the child is not considered to be infectious

Not excluded

Typhoid fever (including paratyphoid fever)

Exclude until approval to return has been given by the Chief Health Officer

Not excluded unless considered necessary by the Chief Health Officer

Regulation 111

A person in charge of a primary school, education and care service premises or children’s services centre must not allow a child to attend the primary school, education and care service premises or children’s services centre for the period or in the circumstances:
* specified in column 3 of the Table in Schedule 7 if the person in charge has been informed that the child is infected with an infectious disease listed in column 2 of that Table; or
* specified in column 4 of the Table in Schedule 7 if the person in charge has been informed that the child has been in contact with a person who is infected with an infectious disease listed in column 2 of that Table.

*Diarrhoeal illness includes instances where certain pathogens are identified including Amebiasis (Entamoeba histolytica), Campylobacter spp., Salmonella spp., Shigella spp. and intestinal worms, but is not limited to infection with these pathogens.

Further information

Please contact the Communicable Disease Prevention and Control Section on 1300 651 160 or visit www2.health.vic.gov.au/public-health/infectious-diseases/school-exclusion